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Napa Earthquake Causes Major Winery Damage

Napa Earthquake Causes Major Winery Damage


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A 6.0 earthquake hit Napa Valley at 3:20 a.m. local time this morning, injuring at least 120 people, six of them critically, and causing considerable damage, including loss of inventory, at local wineries. Numerous gas and water line leaks were reported, some roads buckled, several buildings sustained major structural damage, approximately 15,000 households in Napa and Sonoma counties lost power, and the earthquake is being blamed for at least half a dozen fires, sevewral of them destroying homes and mobile homes.

The epicenter of the quake, the most powerful in this part of California since the Lomo Prieta quake of October, 1989, was reported to be along Milton Road in the salt marshes just south of Napa County Airport and adjacent to the wineries that dot the rolling hills of the Carneros region. Early photos are being posted on the Internet of damage to barrel cellars and the stored bottles in wineries around the city of Napa and Oakville, including the esteemed Silver Oak Cellars, which lost much of its irreplaceable library collection of older vintages, as bottles tumbled to the floor and shattered. Images from up-and-coming Matthiasson winery in Napa showed a cellar strewn with barrels tossed about by the quake. Trefethen and other wineries just north of Napa reported damage, as did some storage facilities serving multiple smaller wineries.

For the some 800 wineries in Napa Valley, the time of day the earthquake struck — early morning, when almost no one is inside the winery cellars — was fortunate, but the time of year could hardly have been worse, as harvest is just beginning. Wineries most affected by the damage have twin problems: trying to save wine still in barrels and tanks and also repairing and restoring fermentation and storage equipment needed for the new vintage. Nevertheless, many opened their tasting rooms to tourists on Sunday afternoon.

Bouchaine Viineyards in the Carneros, less than a mile from the quake’s epicenter, posted on Facebook that "The barrel rooms are a bit of a mess, and there isn't any power, but we're all OK." In the Stags Leap district, Robert Sinskey of Robert Sinskey Vineyads along the Silverado Trail, reported said, “It’s a big mess, but all safe.” Bruce Neyers of Neyers Vineyard in Sage Canyon reported, “All is OK. Lost some wine.” For many winemakers, there were twin losses, as many reported damage within their residences as well.

“At this time, our priorities are to provide information and resources to our community and our members while compiling and assessing information on behalf of the Napa Valley wine industry,” says Cate Conniff of the Napa Valley Vintners Association. “We expect to know more in the next 24 to 72 hours.”

When asked about the harvest in progress, Conniff stressed traditional neighborliness of area vintners. “You can bet that if one neighbor has damage, and another neighbor can help, what needs to happen will happen,” she says. “There are decades and decades of this collaborative spirit already in place.”

Napa was hit harder than other nearby regions, though the quake was felt throughout the North Coast. “Sonoma is better than Napa, where there was more damage,” reports Hélène Seillan, winemaker at Sonoma's Cenyth, owned by Jackson Family Wines. “I felt like I was on a boat, my bed rocking back and forth and shaking so hard!”

Restaurants and hotels in the Napa area were also hit hard, although generally less so than the wineries. Some restaurants reported significant breakage of glassware and wine bottles, but the larger worry for those without backup generators was food spoilage. Among the worst hit was Don Perico, a Mexican restaurant in Napa, which had significant structural damage.

Outside Napa city, the restaurant situation was much better, although power was still as issue Sunday night. Thomas Keller’s iconic French Laundry tweeted, “We are safe and sound in Yountville. Our thoughts and prayers go out to everyone affected by this earthquake. You have our support.”

Napa hotels, some of which evacuated guests immediately after the quake, told tales of expensive guest-room televisions being thrown to the floors. The tallest building in town, the five-story Andaz Hotel, did a room-to-room search for possible victims, fortunately finding none.

According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the total cost of damage from the quake could exceed $1 billion.


2014 South Napa earthquake

The 2014 South Napa earthquake occurred in the North San Francisco Bay Area on August 24 at 03:20:44 Pacific Daylight Time . At 6.0 on the moment magnitude scale and with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), the event was the largest in the San Francisco Bay Area since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The epicenter of the earthquake was located to the south of Napa and to the northwest of American Canyon on the West Napa Fault. [6]

Total damage in the southern Napa Valley and Vallejo areas was in the range of $362 million to $1 billion, with one person killed and 200 injured. Other aspects of the event included an experimental earthquake warning system that alerted seismologists several seconds before the damaging shear waves arrived, temporary changes in springs and wells, and the potential for postseismic fault creep.


We’re not interested in recreating a specific flavor in our wines year after year, but capturing each unique season through the lens of our growing site. Our goal is to paint with all of the colors, with Montelena expressed in every vintage.


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“The earthquake was frightening at the time,” said Pastor Al Marks. “We were closed for safety and inspections, and not sure what the outcome would be. But when the dust cleared and all the repairs were finished, we came out about four feet shorter and still going strong.”

Marks said an extensive “and expensive” retrofit in the early 1990s paid off.

When the South Napa quake hit, “we were very fortunate” only the bell tower suffered damage, Marks said.

“We are so grateful for the church members who had the foresight to take on the retrofit project that saved our church 20 years later,” Marks said.


Why Earthquakes Make Napa Wine Taste So Good

Early Sunday morning, a magnitude-6.0 earthquake rumbled through Northern California. It was the largest quake to hit the Bay Area since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, a magnitude-6.9 temblor that collapsed the Bay Bridge. With an epicenter just nine miles south of the town of Napa, the quake left dozens injured and damaged historic buildings throughout the Napa Valley.

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All told, the region is thought to have sustained upwards of $1 billion in damages, and one sector has seen some especially tragic loses: Napa's wine industry, which had just begun harvesting its 2014 crop. In an interview with the Associated Press, Tom Montgomery of B.R. Cohn Winery in Glen Ellen, California, estimated that as much as 50 percent of the winery's product was destroyed in the quake. "It's not just good wine we lost," Montgomery told the AP. "It's our best wine."

In an average year, Napa's wine industry generates $50 billion. The nonprofit group Napa Valley Vintners says that it's too early to estimate the amount of damage the earthquake caused, though their website states that it "is not expected to have a significant impact on Napa Valley wine inventory in general." And geologically speaking, earthquakes are a major reason Napa has become synonymous with wine.

"This is the kind of earthquake that created the Napa Valley, or at least the final morphology of the valley now," says Ken Verosub, professor of earth and planetary sciences at the University of California, Davis. "There's nothing here that's a big surprise."

The Napa Valley sits at the northern end of the San Francisco Bay, between the Vaca Mountains to the east and the Mayacamas Mountains to the west. The entire area rests on what is known as a transform fault zone: an area where two of Earth's tectonic plates slide past each other. In the case of the Bay Area, the sliding of the Pacific plate past the North American plate drives activity along the famous San Andreas fault zone. This major plate-boundary fault visibly stretches for𧍘 miles lengthwise through California.

But 40 million years ago, another crucial plate helped shape the Napa Valley of today. Back then the oceanic Farallon plate was subducting, or diving under, the North American plate. During subduction, some material is scraped from the plates and deposited on Earth's surface rather than sinking into the planet. As the Farallon plate moved under what is now California, it deposited a mix of material, so that today the western half of Northern California boasts a panoply of mineral riches, including blocks of limestone and sedimentary rock as well as fragments of the ancient sea floor.

At the same time, the Farallon plate was pulling away from the Pacific plate to the west, creating a "spreading center" where hot rock oozes up to fill the gap. Around㺞 million years ago, this spreading center began to dive under the North American plate, and the San Andreas fault was born. Heat from the spreading center then triggered volcanic activity along the southern and northern boundaries of the transform fault. Volcanic rocks up to eight million years old have been found in the eastern part of the Napa Valley, says Verosub.

The valley itself formed as a result of a fault step-over—part of the network of complex fractures that branch off the main San Andreas fault line. Within a step-over, a particular fault jumps over an area of land but then continues in the same direction. Think of it like drawing a line on a piece of paper, stopping, moving your pencil down a few inches and continuing the same line. The area between a step-over is put under an immense amount of geological tension, which in some cases can cause the land to sink down, effectively creating a valley.

Fault activity, as well as erosion via wind and rain, continued to break apart the many types of rocks around the valley, depositing their riches on the valley floor. The end result is the Napa Valley's spectacular diversity of soil: over 100 variations, or equal to half of the world's soil orders. In wine growing, soil diversity is extremely advantageous, allowing numerous grape varieties to grow in a relatively small area. In the southern part of the Napa Valley, for instance, the calcium-rich soil favors pinot noir grapes. In the north, more volcanic soils help cabernet grapes thrive. 

Diverse soil isn't the only remnant of the valley's tectonic past. "The Napa Valley has a large climatic gradient due to the geomorphology created by the tectonics," says Verosub. Hills and knolls formed by megaslides from the Vaca Mountains millions of years ago influence the climate of the valley floor. All told, the Napa Valley is home to 14 distinct  American Viticultural Areas, each of which is completely unique due to its combined soil and climate.

With continued activity along the fault, Napa remains vulnerable to earthquakes like the one on Sunday. Moreover, the high amounts of sediment on the valley floor means the region really feels any shaking caused by tectonic movement. "[The sediment]  may be great for grapes, but when there’s an earthquake anywhere in proximity, you get amplification," says Susan Hough, a seismologist at the United States Geological Survey in Pasadena, California. Still, any damages sustained during the earthquake may simply be the price Napa vintners pay for growing in such a geologically attractive part of the world.


Napa earthquake: Hundreds hurt, dozens of buildings condemned after 6.0 jolt

The Vintner's Collective winery tasting room in Napa, Calif., is baldy damaged by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that struck the Bay Area Sunday morning, Aug. 24, 2014. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

A worker sweeps up glass from a broken window at the Napa Medical Center on Sunday, Aug. 24, 2014 in Napa, Calif. A 6.0 earthquake centered near the city of Napa caused damage and sent multiple vicitms to the hospital. (Aric Crabb/Bay Area News Group)

Numerous vehicles were trapped by fallen carports at the Charter Oaks apartments on Browns Valley Road in Napa, Calif., following the South Napa earthquake Sunday morning, Aug. 24, 2014. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

Numerous vehicles were trapped by fallen carports at the Charter Oaks apartments on Browns Valley Road in Napa, Calif., following the South Napa earthquake Sunday morning, Aug. 24, 2014. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

Workers at Fontanella Family Winery attempt to salvage wine from toppled barrels in Napa, Calif., after an earthquake struck the Bay Area Sunday morning, Aug. 24, 2014. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

The U.S. Post Office on Second Street in Napa, Calif., was badly damaged by a 6.0 earthquake that struck the Bay Area Sunday morning, Aug. 24, 2014. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group)

The corner of an office building on Brown St. and Second St. in downtown, hangs precariously over the intersection following a large earthquake in Napa, Calif., on Sunday, Aug. 24, 2014. (Gary Reyes/Bay Area News Group)

NAPA — The biggest Bay Area earthquake in a quarter-century rattled the region early Sunday morning, with a 6.0 shaker causing as many as 200 injuries, knocking out power to tens of thousands of customers and causing heavy damage to at least 100 buildings.

The South Napa Earthquake, as it’s being called, woke up people at 3:20 a.m. as far north as Ukiah and as far south as Salinas, with an epicenter between Napa and American Canyon about 6.7 miles below the surface, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Those close to the epicenter reported strong, even violent shaking, while further away in the East Bay and South Bay, residents reported an intense swaying.

One teen was critically injured by a collapsing chimney, and was taken to a trauma center at a children’s hospital, according to Napa authorities. That 13-year-old boy was in serious condition late Sunday. Thirteen people were admitted to the Queen of the Valley Medical Center in Napa, roughly split between orthopedic injuries to hips and ankles, and those with medical issues like respiratory and heart problems, according to hospital president Walt Mickens.

About 172 patients were treated for injuries at Queen of the Valley, though not all were certain to be earthquake-related, Mickens said. About another two dozen people were treated in the Vallejo area. Most of those injuries were cuts, bumps and bruises.

The last time an earthquake of this size hit the Bay Area was in 1989, when the Loma Prieta quake at magnitude 6.9 caused billions of dollars in damage and was responsible for 63 deaths and 3,757 injuries in the affected areas.

The largest quake on record for the Bay Area was the historic 7.8 earthquake that hit San Francisco in 1906.

Aftershocks will continue for “several weeks,” but State Geologist John Parrish said Sunday afternoon, “it’s unlikely there will be a large earthquake (in the near future).” Already, up to 60 aftershocks, with 3.6 magnitude shaker being the largest, have been recorded, he said. At least seven geologists were doing surveys in affected areas, he said.

As Sunday wore on and people had told their earthquake stories, reality set in for many who had no power or water or both.

At Eligio and Carmen Ayala’s home in Napa, the lights and gas were out and family members prepared to spend the night with candles and flashlights. On the living room sofa, the Ayalas’ teenage son slept on recliner, the first time since being shaken awake Sunday morning. The furniture in the boy’s room moved so much that some of the items blocked the door, trapping him inside. He was eventually able to let himself out, as his panicked parents and siblings tried to knock down the door.

“Things were falling all over us … the dresser in my bedroom collapsed and all the mirrors in my closet shattered,” said Carmen Ayala, 54, who suffered cuts to her hands and feet from the broken glass. “There was glass everywhere along with a hum, almost like a roar that was coming from the ground.”

Earlier, Joni and Jeff Enos recalled how they were jolted awake at their home on Stonebridge Drive in Browns Valley — near the quake’s origin.

“We’re OK, but it felt like somebody lifted our house up and shook it,” Joni Enos said. “The neighbor’s chimney’s on the lawn, our pool’s half empty. It did weird stuff, uprooted little trees, pots broken. Our fountain toppled over.”

Bay Area residents from Santa Cruz area to the Wine Country were affected by the quake, with more than 10,000 people across more than 200 miles quickly reporting that they had felt the rumble, the USGS reported.

In Napa, 33 buildings have been “red tagged,” meaning they are not inhabitable, said Rick Tooker, the city’s community development manager. An unknown number of other buildings have been yellow-tagged, meaning people should only go inside to gather items or for emergency cleanup.

“Most of the downtown Napa area is cordoned off to assess damage from a health and safety standpoint and from a structural standpoint,” said Mark S. Ghilarducci, director of the California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services.

There were no early reports of earthquake-related fatalities or anyone missing. Napa authorities said a body was found inside a downtown condominium on Main Street, but that death was believed to be someone who was in hospice care and not tied to the earthquake.

Gov. Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in the region after Napa city and county officials exhausted their available emergency resources. The declaration gives access to a battery of personnel and equipment through the state Office of Emergency Services.

Ghilarducci said his agency has also been in touch with the Department of Water Resources to make sure hospitals and other vital centers have potable water following water main breaks.

“Right now there (are) not unmet needs that we know of,” he said Sunday afternoon.

In Napa, 600 homes were without water because of breaks or leaks in water lines, said Jack LaRochelle, the city’s public works director. Five crews were in the field Sunday with that number doubling Monday, and repairs expected to be completed by Thursday, LaRochelle said.

A lot of the main breaks centered on the Browns Valley area west of the city, near the suspected epicenter, but LaRochelle said if the tap has pressure, the water is safe to drink.

PG&E’s online outage map showed about 70,000 customers had lost power across the North Bay by about 5 a.m., with almost half of those in Napa. By Sunday night, roughly 7,300 customers remained without power, mostly in Napa and St. Helena, a PG&E spokesman said. All power should be restored by 1 p.m. Monday, officials said.

By about 6 p.m., PG&E crews had checked about 100 reported gas leaks and closed them all off.

There were no immediate reports of damage to Bay Area bridges, or to public transit infrastructure. Officials briefly closed Highways 37 and 121 to check on damage reports, but both highways were reopened by Sunday afternoon. There were sporadic reports of damaged surface streets in Napa County.

Some moderate transportation impacts rippled southward, affecting the tens of thousands attending the 49ers game at Levi Stadium. A special ACE train intended to transport fans to the game was canceled, and Caltrain service was delayed as crews completed their track inspections.

Capitol Corridor train service through the East Bay was still on hold Sunday afternoon as Union Pacific officials continued inspecting their tracks. But it could start up again by 7 p.m. Sunday.

At Queen of the Valley Medical Center in Napa, an outdoor triage area outside the emergency room was set up to handle an anticipated influx. Injuries mostly came in two shifts — those hurt shortly after the quake from walking on debris, and those injured later while cleaning up.

Fires destroyed four senior mobile homes and damaged half a dozen others on Orchard Avenue. Crews had to let the blaze burn for about 25 minutes because of a broken water main.

In nearby Vallejo, city officials reported “isolated structure damage” to buildings in the downtown area and on Mare Island, along with loss of water from main breaks, minor roadway damage, minor gas leaks, and power outages.

There was no major damage or injuries reported outside of the North Bay region, though the quake did knock out power to the shipping cranes at the Port of Oakland. Contra Costa Fire officials said they were called to a car that had been damaged by bricks falling from a chimney in Crockett, and had also checked a building with some flooding on Alfred Nobel Drive in Hercules.

The Goodman Library, the Alexandria building and the historic county courthouse in Napa all were badly damaged, with brick facades crumbling into the street. Streetlights in downtown Napa were knocked out. A Nissan Sentra in a side parking lot was demolished by tumbling bricks.

Nicol Turner, a wedding planner who owns Little Blue Box Weddings on Third Street, said the quake destroyed her business.

“Everything is on the ground. Broken. All our glass, crystal and porcelain. Mementos from weddings that are decades old are ruined,” she said as she sat on the Third Street curb, tears filling her eyes. “I’m glad everyone is OK, but this just hurts.”

Social media users posted photos of a Walmart and grocery stores with bottles knocked off shelves and shattered. Some residents posted pictures of their kitchens in disarray. One man posted a picture of his fallen chimney.

Countless bottles of the region’s most famous product — wine — had shattered. Wine lovers were assessing damage to their prized home collections, and vintners were checking on how their operations might have been affected by the quake.

Diana Schipper lives about a block south of the mobile home park that burned and had planned a day of tastings at local wineries for her birthday. Instead, she woke up screaming in terror because two heavy pieces of 150-pound furniture fell onto her bed, missing her and her husband by inches. She had to crawl her way out from under them, she said.

In addition to other damage, she found her extensive Waterford collection of crystal and Wedgewood china that she’d been collecting for 40 years smashed to bits in the dining room. But oddly enough, “we have 2,500 bottles of wine in our cellar, and only one broke, so that’s the good news.”

“It certainly wasn’t the way I planned to spend my birthday — picking up the broken glasses of water, cleaning up, and crying, but luckily it wasn’t a worse experience,” she said. “But it’s not one I want to go through again.”

Area schools were set to be closed Monday, but the city’s airport, despite having a control tower with shattered windows and exposed electronic equipment, had resumed operation by Sunday afternoon.

Napa City Manager Mike Parness said that bricks falling on downtown sidewalks were from three buildings on Brown Street that were unreinforced masonry and had not yet been brought up to code.

Steve Potter, operations captain for the Napa Police Department, said the 911 system was briefly “maxed out” in the moments right after the earthquake, but that calls had leveled off later in the morning. More than 1,000 911 calls came in from the time the quake struck to midday, a fire official said.

Stretches of popular Soscol Avenue have been closed to traffic because of broken glass, and Potter said a “high police presence” will be on hand in the coming days to help keep some of the exposed businesses secure.

A Red Cross evacuation center was set up at Crosswalk Community Church on First Street, and by early Sunday evening 83 people signed up for assistance, and more were expected as their homes and belongings were damaged in the quake.

There was also a shelter set up in Vallejo at the Florence Douglas Center.

Not everyone who saw damages sought help, but around Napa everyone had an earthquake story.

Penny D’Allaird was startled out of slumber at her Sonoma home.

“I woke up to a jolt. I remember looking at the clock. It was 3:20. The whole room was shaking and the bed was moving from side to side,” she said. “It was insane.”

After the rumbling stopped, she found every cabinet drawer in her kitchen had slid open. Wine glasses left outside on the patio after a dinner party had shattered. Throughout the house, a Tiffany lamp and various items had been knocked off shelves.

Adeze Dempsey, of Sacramento, was visiting friends in American Canyon when the earthquake hit. She said something in every room broke — cabinets collapsed, antiques and art frames fell and crashed to the floor.

“It was so strong. I’ve never been so scared in my life. I seriously thought this house was going to collapse. It was so hard it was like being in a car accident. It was so violent,” Dempsey said.

She didn’t know long it lasted but said, “It seemed like forever. I woke up to it. Then when it got stronger it kept on going.”

Dempsey, who lived in Vallejo during the Loma Prieta earthquake, said this one felt stronger. “It was so powerful I couldn’t even move. I was paralyzed.”

According to initial USGS data, the quake was initially reported at a 6.1 magnitude before being quickly downgraded to 6.0.

An earthquake of Sunday’s size, while large, is not uncommon to the area historically, said David Schwartz, an earthquake geologist with the USGS office in Menlo Park. He noted that since 1969, earthquakes in the range of a magnitude 6 pop up every few years: a pair of 5.7 and 5.8 quakes occurred in Santa Rosa in 1969, a 5.8 and 5.9 duo hit Livermore in 1980, and a 6.2 happened in Morgan Hill in 1984.

“It’s a fairly common-sized earthquake that we’ve seen historically. These are there sitting in the background,” Schwartz said. It is not, he added, in the range of the next “big one” anticipated by Bay Area residents since Loma Prieta.

“That’s not the magnitude we’re expecting. We’re looking at a 6.7 or larger” for the next major seismic event, Schwartz said.

Whenever an earthquake is rated at 5 or higher, the USGS automatically sends out an alert that there’s a 5 to 10 percent chance that an equal quake or larger could occur in the next 72 hours, based on historic activity in California.

“It doesn’t mean a large earthquake will occur,” Schwartz said. “We don’t know if this is a foreshock or a main event followed by aftershocks, which is what seems to be happening here.”

If an aftershock occurs, the USGS recommends that people who are indoors stay there, taking shelter under a piece of furniture, in a hallway or against an inside wall, away from windows, fireplaces and heavy objects.

If you are outdoors, get into the open away from buildings, power lines and other things that could fall. If driving, stop carefully and move out of traffic. Avoid bridges, trees and other falling objects. Stay in your car until the shaking stops.

Schwartz said based on the north-northwest trend of aftershocks, Sunday morning’s quake was parallel to the West Napa fault, about two miles east.

A USGS alert said the Browns Valley section of the West Napa fault is suspected.

“Nothing shows up on our maps as an active fault,” he said. “This will be one of the things we’ll be looking into, what the source was.”

The USGS “ShakeMap” feature compares and contrasts both agency and user-reported data to rate how strong an earthquake was felt. The USGS system reported it as a “violent” quake with potential for “heavy” damage, while user reports deemed it “very strong” and “moderate” in those respective categories.

Schwartz said that damage cannot be directly predicted by a magnitude rating, noting an array of variables.

“There’s a high water table along the Napa River, so you have poor soils. When you have saturated soils, it tends to amplify the shaking,” he said. “You put the same earthquake in different locations, with different soils, sediments and rocks, you’re going to get different kinds of damage.”

The last major earthquake in the Bay Area was the Loma Prieta earthquake — a magnitude 6.9 quake that struck on Oct. 17, 1989, in the Santa Cruz Mountains. It killed 63 people and caused $6 billion in damages. Before Sunday morning’s quake, the largest Bay Area earthquake since Loma Prieta had been located near Alum Rock Park in 2007, with a magnitude 5.4.

California straddles two of the Earth’s tectonic plates — as a result, it is broken by numerous earthquake faults. Literally thousands of small earthquakes occur in California each year, providing scientists with clear indications of places where faults cut the Earth’s crust.

In 2007, a panel of experts estimated there is a 63 percent chance that in the next 30 years the San Francisco Bay Area will experience a catastrophic earthquake at least as powerful as the magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake that rocked Southern California in 1994. There is a far greater chance — 99 percent — that an earthquake that size will strike somewhere in the state during that time.

Staff writers Joyce Tsai, Cecily Burt and Karina Ioffee contributed to this report.


[NATL-GALLERY-BAY] 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Bay Area

Gov. Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency after Napa fire officials said the city had exhausted its own resources extinguishing six fires, transporting injured residents, searching homes for anyone who might be trapped and answering calls about gas leaks, water main breaks and downed power lines. All Napa Valley Unified School District schools will be closed Monday to inspect for possible damage. Napa Valley College did not suffer any major damage and will be open on Monday.

Queen of the Valley Medical Center in Napa handled more than 200 patients who sought emergency care, hospital officials said. Of the 208 patients, 17 were admitted to the hospital with broken bones and respiratory or cardiac conditions, while the rest were treated and released for less severe injuries, hospital president Walt Mickens said at a Sunday evening news conference.

Only one patient remains in the hospital in critical condition while another, a 13-year-old boy, was airlifted to another trauma center in critical condition after pieces of the fireplace at his home collapsed onto him, Mickens said. The boy was listed in serious condition at UC Davis Hospital as of Sunday night.

The most common injuries were from household items falling off of walls or shelves onto people or from those who stepped on debris in their homes, he said.

"Our community has responded in an extraordinary fashion here in Napa," Mickens said.

Some 90 to 100 homes and businesses across the region were not habitable, according to Mark Ghilarducci, director of the California Governor's Office of Emergency Services, The Associated Press reported.

There were at least 50 aftershocks, including four that were larger than 2.0 magnitude in Napa, ranging in magnitude from 2.5 to 3.6, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Thirty to 70 small aftershocks could hit the area in the next week, USGS said.

The intersection of Third and Brown streets in downtown Napa showed signs of substantial damage, including fallen trees, broken awnings and the facade of a building falling on top of a parked car. The city has red-tagged at least 33 buildings, meaning they were not considered safe for the public to enter.

City officials in Vallejo said dozens of buildings have been red-tagged. Most of the buildings authorities red-tagged in Vallejo were commercial or industrial.

Back in Napa, dazed locals could be seen wandering around the downtown area in the early hours of the morning.

"I was in bed . It was a sick feeling. The ground was just rolling," lawyer Jeff Hammond told NBC Bay Area.

"That used to be my office," Hammond said pointing at the city's old courthouse that was built in the 1870s and lost a 10-foot chunk of bricks and concrete. "The building is not earthquake-proof, so who knows what the damage is inside. This is obviously the worst we've ever seen here. Napa is going to survive this but it's hard to see though."

Napa Fire Capt. Doug Bridewell called the earthquake "the worst shaking I've ever been in."

Eighteen-year-old Christian Ray described how the earthquake jolted him and his mother out of bed.

"I just heard shaking, and I got really scared," he said. "I heard my mom screaming for my name, and I thought, 'What's going on?' I thought something terrible was going on.

"My dresser fell on me and cut up my legs, and then I saw my mom come into my room. She fell, tripped over all my stuff," he said. "Our room is just terrible. It's destroyed, and everything is on the floor, flipped over. It's pretty amazing."

David Duncan, president and CEO of Silver Oak winery in Napa, tweeted about waking up to hundreds of bottles destroyed in the quake. The popular Napa Wine Train canceled its operations for Sunday in order to inspect their trains.

The California Highway Patrol reported earthquake-related damage in four places this morning, including parts of Highway 121 and Petrified Forest Road at Saxton Road in Calistoga. However, all roads remain open to the public at this time.

The shaking emptied cabinets in homes and store shelves, set off car alarms and caused damage inside homes in neighboring Sonoma County.

“We were just sleeping and all of a sudden there was enormous amount of noise and our bed started bouncing from side to side,” said Dandridge Marsh, 37, who works in the wine retail business and lives in Napa with his wife. “You could hear things falling down.”

Marsh said the power went out right away, and he started walking toward his garage to get a flashlight. Broken glass was everywhere.

“It was pretty wild coming out and seeing all the cabinets, the piano and the refrigerator moved a foot over,” he said. “The car was parked in the middle of the garage and is now resting against the garage door.”

USGS said the quake struck about 10 miles northwest of American Canyon, which is located about 6 miles southwest of Napa. Most reported damage has been confined to Napa and Sonoma areas. About 30 to 70 small aftershocks are expected over the next seven days, the USGS said on Twitter.

"I was at work when it happened," said David Lew, who works at a casino in American Canyon. "My absolute first thought was getting in touch with my wife, who is five months pregnant."

NBC Bay Area's chopper footage over downtown Napa showed a mobile home park on fire at Orchard Avenue and a gaping hole near the top corner of the old courthouse. At least four mobile homes have been destroyed. Gas leaks and water main breaks were also reported. As of 4:00 a.m. Monday, power had been restored to 99 percent of those who lost it following the quake, leaving 150 people in the dark, PG&E said. That was down from 70,000 customers who lost power right after the quake struck.

California Gov. Jerry Brown said Sunday morning that his emergency services offices was on full activation and working closely with emergency managers, first responders and transportation officials to help residents and vital infrastructure.

"These safety officials are doing all they can to help residents and those living in affected areas should follow their guidance and instruction," he said.

People took to social media to share news of the quake. NBC Bay Area Chief Meteorologist Jeff Ranieri reported feeling a "violent shaking or rolling motion" for around 20 seconds.

"The most important thing for people to remember is drop, cover and hold if we do happen to get another big one," Ranieri said. "If you smell gas it probably means there is a gas leak."

There was no report of damage to the Bay Bridge or any other major bridge in the Bay Area.

"It's certainly a jolt and reminds people we live in a place where large earthquakes occur," said David Schwartz of the USGS. "We will be looking for the rest of tonight and tomorrow. Our seismologists are taking a closer look. People can expect smaller aftershocks to continue."

Nearly 50 people have registered for services at an American Red Cross shelter in Napa, a Red Cross spokesman said. Nineteen families – 47 people –registered at the shelter at Crosswalk Community Church at 2590 First St., Red Cross spokesman Woody Baker-Cohn said.

Baker-Cohn said the church opened around 9 a.m. as a place for people to come get food, drinks and information about the services they can receive following the quake. However, he said by noontime it was clear that the church would have to open as a shelter because most of the people that came were renters with no insurance or family in the area and would need to stay overnight.

The gymnasium at the church is able to accommodate 100 people and there is another shelter also open at Florence Douglas Center at 333 Amador St. in Vallejo, he said.

Napa city officials advise residents who lost water service during Sunday's earthquake should use bottled water for drinking and cooking, boil tap water for one full minute before use for drinking or cooking or to use water for drinking and cooking from one of the water stations set up by the city.

The water stations can be found on Pearl Street one block west of Main, or at the Las Flores Center on Linda Vista Avenue. Residents should call 707-257-9544 with any water-service questions.

Cathy Rainone, Bay City News and the Associated Press contributed reporting.

Not too surprising based on epicenter most of the 5000+ local power outages are in Sonoma, Napa counties. @nbcbayarea pic.twitter.com/tdKQUyfmw6 — Rob Mayeda (@RobMayeda) August 24, 2014

#CHP officers so far reporting no damage to roadways in South Bay, Peninsula, East Bay. Officers still checking for obvious roadway damage — CHP Golden Gate (@CHP_GoldenGate) August 24, 2014


Exposure 4: Business interruption

What is your policy's definition of contamination?

Does the coverage include contamination by human error and cleaning agents?

When a catastrophe like the 2014 Napa Valley earthquake strikes, getting back to business as usual can take a while. Buildings may be unsafe for occupation, equipment may need to be repaired, and a combination of leaked wine and delayed harvests can result in there being less product to sell.

To make sure your winery is protected against business interruption, review your policy.


Napa Valley's newest: Restaurants, places to stay, etc.

Visit Napa Valley, that area's official tourism marketing organization, has released its spring list of new restaurants, notable places to taste wine and the latest attractions.

WHERE TO EAT

The Culinary Institute of America at Greystone opened Gatehouse Restaurant at its historic St. Helena property in January. Orchestrated by CIA faculty-led students, Gatehouse Restaurant is the capstone experience for CIA students. It's open Tuesday through Saturday for lunch and dinner.

Ottimo, the Italian market by chef Michael Chiarello, opened in January in V Marketplace, Yountville. The marketplace includes brick oven pizza, hand-pulled mozzarella, an espresso and dolci café, craft beer and wine, and a tasting bar.

Bella Bakery, a family-owned coffee shop in Calistoga, had an extensive makeover in February, with new display cases, flooring and menu boards showcasing added seasonal soups and more.

The bakery offers local-roasted coffee selections and teas. A large selection of house-made pastries, custom cakes, paninis and pizzas are offered on Thursday, Friday and Saturday only.

XiXi Bistro, a contemporary Chinese cuisine restaurant in downtown Napa, is set to open in July. Special features will include a wine-tasting room, an elegant bar and art.

Acacia House at the new Las Alcobas in St. Helena is scheduled to open this spring. The restaurant was created by chef Chris Cosentino with business partner Oliver Wharton of San Francisco's Cockscomb restaurant.

The menu at Acacia House will feature a selection of small and larger plates. Cosentino and Wharton will oversee the food and beverage components at Las Alcobas including an on-site artisan bread program with a focus on sprouted grains.

The Charter Oak, an 'elemental restaurant' by chefs Christopher Kostow and Nathaniel Dorn of the Michelin-three starred Restaurant at Meadowood, will open in St. Helena in spring 2017. The menu, with Chef Katianna Hong at the helm, will reflect the products of the Napa Valley and surrounding San Francisco Bay Area with an elemental cooking style highlighting one or two ingredients at a time.

Napa Noodles from the owners of Eiko's and Eiko's at Oxbow, will open in summer 2017 in downtown Napa. Napa Noodles will be an Asian Pacific Rim-style restaurant. Planned house specialties include house-made noodles, savory soups, slow roasted meats, seasonal salads, Peking duck, flavorful rice dishes, Asian beers, Sake, and local wines.

Charlie Palmer Steak by chef Charlie Palmer, also owner of Harvest Inn by Charlie Palmer and Harvest Table in St. Helena, is slated to open at the new downtown Archer Hotel Napa this year.

WHERE TO DRINK

Gabrielle Collection taste + opened in March in downtown Napa. It offers bites paired with Gabrielle Collection, Pietro Family Cellars and O'Connell Family Vineyard wines.

Outland opened in March. This collective tasting room represents Farella Vineyards, Forlorn Hope and POE Wine, which is only offered for tasted there. They offer flights, by the glass, as well as by-the-bottle selections.

Tannery Bend Beerworks, Napa's newest homegrown brewery, opened its taproom and brewing space south of downtown in March. Tannery Bend Beerworks is brewing beers made with unique, locally sourced ingredients.

The taproom offers an ever-changing menu of lighter fare such as grilled cheese, grilled blue crab, popcorn and more created by chef Tyler Rodde.

RiverHouse by Bespoke Collection in downtown Napa launched portfolio tasting with Bespoke Bento Box in February. The tasting is paired with a bento box from Morimoto and includes the chef's selections of sushi, tempura and teriyaki beef, adjustable for dietary needs.

B Cellars in Oakville plans to launch its exclusive heritage experience in May. The private tasting experience includes a tour of the caves, followed by a tasting in the Beckstoffer Heritage Room of wine made from Beckstoffer Heritage Vineyard sites paired with small plates.

B Cellars is the only winery in the Napa Valley that produces a wine from each one of the six Beckstoffer Heritage vineyards and the only winery that is allowed by Andy Beckstoffer to also produce a wine blended from several Beckstoffer Heritage vineyards.

Odette Estate Winery, located in Napa Valley's Stags Leap District, has achieved official status as a certified Gold-level LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) project by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC).

Odette's sister property, CADE Estate Winery, was the first winery in the Napa Valley to become LEED Gold certified for the entire property, including the hospitality building, caves, and production facility.

Trefethen plans to reopen its iconic winery in Napa on May 6, after repairs of damage from the August 2014 Napa earthquake.

As one of Napa Valley's only surviving wooden wineries from the 19th century, Trefethen' was designed by the leading California winery architect of the 1800s, Hamden McIntyre, it was awarded a listing on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.

Stone Brewing is set to open in the historic Borreo building in downtown Napa this summer. It plans to offer 24 beers on tap, indoor and outdoor dining, and a 10-barrel brewhouse with recipes unique to the Napa Valley.

NEW THINGS TO SEE AND DO

Gordon Huether Studio installed two sculptures at the new Culinary Institute of America at Copia on First Street in downtown Napa in February: 'Fork' and 'Is That Bob And Margrit?'

A Gordon Huether Sculpture Garden, a curated selection of the artist's work, will be featured throughout the 2017 BottleRock Napa Valley festival grounds.

'Up We Go!,' another new sculpture, may be viewed in front of the Yountville Community Center, located at 6516 Washington St.

Active Wine Adventures launched an innovative new tour service in Napa Valley last summer, pairing wine and food with scenic hikes and inspiring art. The company offers private, guided tours: hike and wine, art and wine, Literary Legend and custom wine tours by SUV. In April 2017, they started a new Hike & Beer Tour featuring scenic hikes, lunch and local microbreweries.

The CIA at Copia in downtown Napa will launch their new Tasting Showcase in May 2017 in the building's atrium. Guests may taste wines directly from the producer (up to seven at a time), while learning about the California wine industry in the new Wine Hall of Fame exhibit, also launching this spring.

The Meadowood Spa in St. Helena has won the hospitality industry's highest honor of five stars from the Forbes Travel Guide, just 15 months after opening its doors in November 2015.

The Meadowood Spa, which is the first five-star spa in Napa Valley, is designed to be an elevated spa experience for estate guests and members. The spa offers eight treatment suites, each with its own private bathroom, steam shower and built-in seating lounge area.

Harvest Inn by Charlie Palmer in St. Helena is undergoing a major enhancement of its grounds and landscape. A new sculpture garden debuts this month and includes 11 new pieces, curated by ÆRENA Galleries & Gardens.

WHERE TO STAY

UpValley Inn & Hot Springs, formerly the Comfort Inn Calistoga, is undergoing a renovation that is expected to be completed in May. All 55 guestrooms will feature new furnishings and bathrooms with a rustic-meets-modern style. The Inn also features geothermal hot springs mineral pool, whirlpool and steam room.

River Terrace Inn in downtown Napa is refreshing its arrival experience by enhancing the porte-cochère and lobby, in addition to a redesign of the bar and lounge.This portion of the expansion is set to be completed in May.

The inn also is adding eight suites, an enhanced river front experience with a newly landscaped river walk and an additional 1,500 square feet of event space. It is scheduled to be completed in November.

Wine Country Inn in St. Helena completed an extensive renovation of its Winery House building in March. It includes guest reception and 14 rooms in the main Winery House. The inn has 29 now has guest rooms, 80 percent with vineyard views, and landscaped gardens.

The property includes a large heated outdoor pool and hot tub as well as massage therapy treatments. Rates include a 'Napa-style' breakfast buffet, a split of Duckhorn wine, and water and soda upon arrival.

Rancho Caymus Inn, an historic boutique hotel in Rutherford, is being brought back to life by the developer of Hotel Yountville. It was originated by the late vintner, designer, pilot and Renaissance woman, Mary Tilden Morton (from Berkeley California's Tilden Park & Morton Salt families).

The renovation has restored the hotel's natural beauty and features 25 large suite-style rooms with heritage wood ceilings, fireplaces, living areas and private patios.

The Ink House is set to open its renovated historic lodging in June. The original home of California pioneer, Theron H. Ink, the inn combines Italian elegance, wine country style and gracious hospitality. The 130-year-old residence has been completely restored over the past two years, under design by Napa Valley architectural firm Backen, Gillam & Kroeger.

Vintage Estate, comprised of the Vintage Inn and Villagio Inn & Spa in Yountville, is undergoing a complete renovation. Both hotels and spa have teamed up with SB Architects and interior design firm Hirsch Bedner Associates. Renovations are expected to be complete at Vintage this spring and at Villagio in early 2018.

Auberge du Soleil plans to unveil eight new guest rooms and suites in May. The work is designed by San Francisco interior designer Suzanne Tucker.

SENZA Hotel, in partnership with More Associates and Construction, plans to complete a significant renovation to its eight-room Parker Mansion this spring. The historic mansion dates to 1870 and houses SENZA's Parker Classic and Parker Plus rooms.

The revamped interior design, undertaken by Leslie Wilks Design, will offer guests new modern bathrooms, oversized showers and a custom amenity line from Marin-based Prima Fleur Botanicals.

Las Alcobas opened in St. Helena in March as a sister property to Las Alcobas in Mexico City. Las Alcobas features 68 guest rooms and suites with terraces and outdoor fireplaces Acacia House, a signature Chris Cosentino restaurant Atrio, a 3,500 square foot spa an outdoor swimming pool, meeting and event facilities and all of the brand's signature amenities and services.

Archer Hotel Napa, a new hotel in the heart of downtown Napa, is set to open this year. Spanning five stories, the hotel will have 143 rooms and 40 balcony-clad suites with sweeping 360-degree view of Napa Valley from its expansive rooftop. Charlie Palmer Steak will be the hotel's signature restaurant and also provide the culinary direction for the 17,000–plus square feet of indoor and outdoor event space.


Major Cleanup Begins in Napa Amid Series of Aftershocks

Since growers had already begun harvesting and processing the grapes, the quake did more damage than if the grapes had still been hanging on the vine when it struck, although wineries would have suffered even greater losses if the harvest season had been further along.

“In another month, we would’ve had double the amount in barrels,” said Liz Thach, a professor at Sonoma State University's Wine Business Institute.

“Some NVV [Napa Valley Vintners] member wineries did sustain damage to their barrel storage areas, wine inventory and production equipment over the weekend,” the 500-member trade association said in a statement.

Some experts think the final tally will be even higher. Taking into account residential losses along with wineries’ loss of product, damaged facilities and canceled bookings from tourists, the quake could inflict losses as high as $4 billion, according to Kinetic Analysis Corporation data. Insurance is likely to cover only about $1.5 billion of that, "due to the (earthquake) insurance penetration figures in that area . and the heavy impact of this event on contents (and) inventory," Kinetic CEO Steven Stichter said via email.

It’s unknown what percentage of Napa’s more than 500 wineries carry earthquake insurance, but it’s likely a small number.

“We do know that fewer than 6 percent of homeowners in the Napa area have earthquake coverage and that take-ups rates across the state for this type of insurance have been declining for nearly 20 years,” Insurance Information Institute president and economist Bob Hartwig said via email.


Watch the video: Βίντεο σοκ από τον μεγάλο σεισμό που χτύπησε τη Σάμο φέρνει στο φως της δημοσιότητας το ΘΕΜΑ. (May 2022).


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